Pressure Treated Wood
Pressure treated wood is a safe and long lasting material that is most commonly used in decking and fencing, retaining walls, docks and other projects that are often exposed to natural rot and moisture. The wood is pressure treated by loading it into a horizontal cylinder that is then sealed. A treatment solution is pumped into the cylinder to allow it to sink into the wood grain to protect it from moisture, fungi and insects. The pressure is raised in the cylinder to allow the treatment solution to completely permeate the wood. Once the process is finished, the solution is drained and re-used in the next batch so none of it is wasted.
Composite wood is very similar to your normal wood lumber, though it is longer lasting and more durable than natural, untreated wood. Composite wood is a popular decking material and is virtually maintenance free, resistant to fading, cracking, peeling and splintering. You will never have to sand, seal or re-paint this wood thanks to its composition of fine saw dust and plastic resins. While composite decking does require a weather-resistant frame underneath the decking structure, the composite wood will not warp or deteriorate in any way. Most manufacturers guarantee their wood anywhere from between 10 to 30 years with proper maintenance.
Brazilian Hardwood, also known as Ipe, is a gorgeous raw lumber that is naturally resistant to many types of natural threats such as fire, water, termites, chemicals and many others. The look of this lumber is a beautiful, knot-free, rich dark brown color that could easily be mistaken as mahogany or teak. It can be stained to maintain its color or allowed to weather, in which case it will turn a beautiful silvery-grey color. If you wish to maintain the beautiful teak color, it's recommended to apply a quality penetrating oil finish complete with a UV sun block once or twice every year.
Vinyl / PVC Decking
Vinyl of PVC decking material is a modern, maintenance-free material that allows you to enjoy your decking or fencing without the need of semi-annual or annual re-staining or re-painting. Vinyl will cut like wood, but not weather or discolor like wood will. Vinyl is unable to be painted or stained, but it comes in a variety of colors that will match most any home color scheme. Vinyl is resistant to slipping and heat build-up. It will not contain any sharp edges, nails, or splinters which makes this decking material perfect if you have little ones running around. Vinyl decking materials are safe no matter the type of weather due to its durability and inability to rot.